FOR BETTER PUBLIC HEALTH
The reception centre is intended for first aid in orientation due to problems, connected with alcohol and illegal drugs abuse. We offer anonymous and optional counselling to addicted persons, those who experiment and their family members. We present them with different possibilities of treatment and possibly direct them to most suitable treatment programmes. The basic goal of these first motivational discussions is to help individual see that they are powerless to drug by themselves and that they need to quit using drugs and establish a balanced lifestyle in order to live a healthy and quality life. We try to make them see that they will need professional help in order to achieve the abovementioned goals.
Professionals from national Institute of Public Health and co-workers from Health-promoting Schools and other schools have been developing Healthy lifestyle model since 2008. Together, we have developed over 60 model hours and good practice examples from the fields of nutrition, physical activity, mental health and addiction, and we tested and evaluated them among pupils and teachers. The developed hours are available for all pedagogical workers who want some direction regarding health promotion. We wanted to prepare a pilot model, which could be spread to all primary schools in the future.
We included health contents in the curriculum and various school activities, while we interconnected them considering spiral curriculum and using active work forms and methods.
MOSA is above-organizational entity, which uses a clear, transparent and easily accessible way to communicate on alcohol problem, while it encourages various stakeholders, who are integrated directly or indirectly in the formation of programmes and/or policies for solving alcohol problems, to networking and participation.
National programme for primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases (NPPPSŽB) is a systematic and universally available programme for primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases at a national level, which has been successfully implemented since 2002. In includes all men aged 35 to 65 years and women aged 45 to 70 years. The aim of the programme is to detect individuals who are at risk for developing cardiovascular diseases, individuals with unhealthy lifestyles and risk factors for these diseases as well as the action, which includes counselling and changing a lifestyle, which are the most effective approaches for the prevention and management of chronic diseases.
Chemicals and potentially poisonous substances or objects, which include poisonous substances and other dangerous chemicals, are part of our everyday lives; however, their use bring particular risks for individuals and wider society. This is especially dangerous for children who are not aware of potential risks. The risk due to the exposure to poisonous substances in the environment is higher in children than in adults because of the developmental specifics in all developmental phases from embryo, to baby and until finished adolescence.
The programme is aims at communication about the risks and some most frequent hazards due to dangerous chemicals in our environment and about how important is to stop and think before we act.
Slovenia has a successful national vaccination programme, which is updated every year according to epidemiologic situation, new scientific discoveries in the field of vaccination and development of new vaccines.
The Svit Programme is a preventive health programme intended for prevention and early detection of colorectal cancer. The National Institute of Public Health operates it at a national level since 2009. The programme is aimed at men and women aged 50 to 74 years with mandatory health insurance. The target population receives the invitation from the Center Svit every two ears. This invitation includes the Statement on voluntary participation, which needs to be filled in and returned by post to the Center Svit. After that, the invited persons start to participate in the Svit Programme. The screening is done with the help of faecal occult blood test. This blood is not visible to the naked eye but it can still show the early signs of the disease, which can be successfully treated if it is detected early enough.
Slovenian network of health-promoting schools responds to the problem regarding the health of children and adolescents and it is oriented in developmental programmes for health promotion in physical, mental, social and environmental fields of health for pupils, parents and teachers. The concept of health-promoting schools was developed in 1980s. This was done by experts from the World Health Organization, Council of Europe and European Commission who were aware that planned and systematically organized programmes can affect pupils’ satisfaction, their self-image, health-related behaviour, attitude towards health and life in general.
The programme for the promotion of mental health among adolescents – To sem jaz – has been implemented since 2001 by the Celje Regional Unit of National Institute of Public Health, with the support of Ministry of Health. The aim of the programme is to help adolescents to develop a positive self-image and life skills. The positive self-image importantly determines individual’s contempt in life and their happiness while it protects their physical and mental health.
Varno s soncem programme is aimed at raising awareness among pre-school and schoolchildren about the harmful effects of sunrays and about the measures one can take in order to prevent or reduce the consequences of exposure to sun. It was developed as a response to alarming epidemiological data on the increasing number of skin cancer (source: Cancer Registry) in Slovenia and as a response to the fact that the incidence of skin cancer is connected to the exposure to UV radiation as well as with the frequency of the sunburns.
Education for health is an important and indispensable part of health promotion and is defined as a planned process for achieving health and diseases related knowledge. However, it is important to abide its rules as a dynamic process of learning. Education for health is not merely spreading of information, it is an active learning process which takes into account personal experiences and socio-economic factors. The aim of education for health is to motivate the individual or a group to take care for their health. Through various programmes, we enable individual to attain knowledge, form their opinions and behaviours for healthy lifestyle.
Children in preschool environment attain experiences, opinions and behaviour patterns, which they mostly keep for their entire lives. Health in childhood determines the health in entire lifetime of an individual and also affects future generations. Period, until the age of 6 is especially important. Thus, we have developed a health-promoting programme for kindergartens across Slovenia.
The aim of the programme is to develop and build capacity of kindergartens to develop tools, which would position wellbeing and health as an important value and strive to establish conditions for wellbeing and health as well as to enhance the individual’s capability to maintain and improve their health in the entire lifetime. Our wish is that kindergartens would develop into a healthy and safe environment, which positively affects the wellbeing and health of the entire population. We want to raise awareness of the society on the importance that impacts of individual factors in the earliest period of life have on health and wellbeing in later life. One of the aims of the programme is to build on the importance of wellbeing and health in society as a whole, especially in the environments where decisions are made which influence health.
Diet and lifestyle plays a major role in the growing incidence of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), both in Slovenia and worldwide. A number of determinants, including social and economic ones, impact population lifestyle habits and facilitate health inequalities. High quality research investigating links between nutrition/lifestyle habits and health status of the population is essential for scientific progress in the area of public health and to support health policy with efficient approaches for improving public health. To perform efficient research on this area highly interdisciplinary and interinstituational approach is needed. Objective of programme group are divided into four key thematic sets: (a) development of nutritional methodology, (b) investigation of lifestyle habits/ health status of the population, (c) assessing possibilities for efficient promotion of healthy foods and diets, and into (d) the development of functional foods.